Summary (Not Exhaustive)

The CITES Convention is an organization that classifies and manages  species of fauna and flora.

Those species are classified into 3 appendices : 

  • Appendice I (A for European Union), include the endangered species.In France, species from Appendice I can't be sold. Therefor, a French company could never sell a species from Appendice I
  • Appendice II (B), include species that are not endangered but that are important to watch to not threaten their survival. 
  • Appendice III (C) include species that are reognized to be monitored only by some countries.  Into this last Appendice, every country can declare a species from his territory to be monitored. Export from this country are so limited.

Note : We don't always talk about species in general, it can be about species from a specifical territory. For example, the Canadian Mouflon (Ovis Canadensis) exists in Mexico and is into the Appendice II. in the same time, all other population of Canadian Mouflon aren't in the CITES Convention. It means that Canadian Mouflon who lives in Canada is free for export.

The CITES Convention manages export and import for species that are into one of the three Appendices. There are several legal reasons to import a species. These reasons give different types of CITES. The mains are Commercial (T), Personnal (P), Hunt (H).
Most of the time, species from Appendice I can't give Commercial CITES. 

Commercial CITES (T) : To obtain this type of CITES, you'll need exportation documents (from the country of origin) and importation documents (from the country of destination). After obtaining these documents, the person who make the demande would be able to sell the species. For that he will have ti write down the CITES numbers (export+import) on the invoice for his client.  On a CITES document, it can be included several parts of a species, that's why original documents stay with the first purchaser. For example, we can import a black bear (Appendice II). We can import the skin, 20 claws, the skull. These parts are on the same CITES document but can be sold separatly.

Personal CITES (P) : To obtain this type of CITES, you'll need exportation documents (from the country of origin) and importation documents (from the country of destination). These documents can be obtained by a person only for "personal" reasons like decoration for example. After obtaining the documents, the purchaser is not allowed to sell the species.

Junt CITES (H) : Thus CITES exist for hunters to bring back what thez hunted in another country. Only export documents are needed.

Cost : On the paper, obtaining a CITES cost nothing. However, for the custom autorithies, it's always bring a "product" inside the country. Therefor, in France, you have to pay the VAT (20%), plus the custom taxes (ddepending on the species), plus the custom management fees,, plus the forwarding agent fees (if you don't want to take care of all the papers yourself). Add the carrier cost. At the end, for a black bear you'll have to add to the price of your species about 55% of fees.

WARNING ! There are many difference between what the CITES Convention says, his application inside the European Union and his application inside each country.

WARNING ! Switzerland and Norway are not members of th European Union !

Note : Inside the European Union, the movement of the species is free, documents are "European CITES". however, you have to justify to have bought legaly a species (Invoice). To seel inside the european Union, you'll have to give the CITES numbers on the invoice, just as in France. Species that are not inside one of the three appendices are free. It means that there is no need of documents to export, import or sell it.

On our website, you'll find the following description :

  • "CITES : Yes" : It means that this species need CITES documents. if it's available, we have all documents needed to sell it. CITES numbers will be on the invoice
  • "CITES : No" : It means that this species is not inside CITES Appendices.